Chernobyl nuclear power plant

Chernobyl zone - Extreme tour to Chernobyl

Rules for a trip to the Chernobyl exclusion zone approved by the Ministry of Emergencies of Ukraine in 2011 - for tourists and travel agencies.

Later, the rules for extreme tours approved by the Ministry of Justice.

Tours to Chernobyl and Pripyat:

see link -

Emergencies Minister said that tourism to the area of the Chernobyl zone - is unacceptable, but visiting Pripyat and receive information on the status of nuclear power plant - is absolutely legal.

Allowed travel for educational purposes only, as Ukrainian citizens and foreigners.

Under the new rules should make a request to the State Agency for Management of Exclusion Zone during the ten days before the trip.

Every visitor of Pripyat and the Chernobyl nuclear power station is obliged to provide information about yourself and the purpose of the trip.

Exclusion zone is forbidden to visit the children, terrorists, criminals. Also in attendance may be refused if the application is properly drawn up and in bad weather conditions.

An entry permit allows the exclusion zone is within 5 days.

The accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant took place April 26, 1986, and was the worst nuclear disaster in the world. Radioactive particles were blown by the wind in the western part of the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe and Scandinavia.

The Chernobyl nuclear power plant - one of the largest in the Soviet Union, is located near the town of Pripyat, 18 km (11 miles) north-west of the town of Chernobyl and about 110 km (70 miles) north of Kiev.

Chronicle of the disaster

Morning, April 26, 1986, reactor number 4 worked for minimum power (10 percent) during routine diagnostics.

The design of the Chernobyl reactor, with high activity of the nuclear process was unstable at low power, as well as staff casually applied to small emergencies. It has become a prerequisite for a giant nuclear reactor accident.

A sudden burst of power and failure alarm system that deactivates the atomic process - brought to the emergency and the destruction of the upper part of the nuclear reactor. After that collapsed the roof of the building and a cloud of superheated radioactive gas came out. A small explosion pushed the radioactive particles to a height of 1 kilometer.

Two weeks later, unable to close a hole in the roof of the plant which is already half destroyed.

For two weeks the wind dissipated the contamination through the territory of Ukraine to Belarus, Russia, Poland, Sweden and to other European countries.

More than 100,000 people were evacuated from Pripyat after the accident.
After 36 hours have evacuated 35,000 people.
Evacuation in some cities of Belarus began on May 3.
In June 1986, during this second phase of the evacuation of 50,000 people were resettled in Ukraine and 25,000 in Belarus.

In the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident involving more than 500,000 people.

Of the 30-km zone around the town of Pripyat were evacuated all residents. This 30-km zone was - dead, in which nobody lives.

The total count of people displaced by the disaster exceeds - 200 000.

Radioactive substances have accumulated in the upper soil layer - made vast areas unsuitable for agriculture.

The radiation penetrated into the groundwater and there is a danger of infection Dnieper River, which flows through the most populated areas.

Due to the disaster area most seriously affected Belarus - about 20 percent of agricultural land have become unsuitable for agriculture.

In all areas of radioactive contamination after the Chernobyl accident is observed negative demographic situation and the high incidence of the population.

In contaminated areas appeared very rare disease.

$ 300 million in funding for security of nuclear power plants have been allocated the G-7 countries since 2000.

December 15, 2000 was the final closure of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, but work to ensure the safety of the reactor will continue for several centuries.